Hundreds of people have crossed through the town of Bunagana to Uganda due to intense fighting in DRC.

By Faith Barbara Namagembe published On 9 November 2021 at 0850 EAT.

Overnight, gunmen have seized the villages of Tshanzu and Runyoni, the last redoubts of the M23 group before their defeat years ago.

M23 rebels are seen manning the Uganda and DRC border gate in Bunagana in 2012.

Gunmen have seized at least two villages overnight in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) near the border with Uganda and Rwanda, a local official and an activist group said.

On Monday, Lieutenant-Colonel Muhindo Luanzo, assistant to the administrator of Rutshuru Territory, blamed the attack on fighters from M23, a rebel group that seized large swaths of territory in 2012 and 2013.

The two villages, Tshanzu and Runyoni, were the last redoubts of M23 before they were chased by Congolese and United Nations forces into Uganda and Rwanda in 2013.

Since then, there have been regional efforts to demobilise the fighters, but the group has complained about the slow implementation of a peace accord and some have returned to the DRC.null

It was not immediately possible to confirm the identity of the armed men who took over the two villages.

M23 officials and spokespeople for the DRC’s army and government did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

Luanzo said the gunmen stormed Tshanzu and Runyoni simultaneously late on Sunday night.

“Now our troops are conducting counterattack operations because, during the night, they identified the enemy coming from Rwanda,” Luanzo said.

UN investigators have accused Rwanda and Uganda, which intervened militarily in the DRC during two regional wars two decades ago, of supporting M23. The two countries deny this.

A local activist group reported clashes with light and heavy weapons on Sunday night that forced people out of their homes and across the border at Bunagana into Uganda.

“Uganda is experiencing an influx of refugees from DR Congo,” said Irene Nakasiita from Uganda’s Red Cross Society.

Some of the people fleeing claim to have recognised some of the commanders of the M23 group – which has been accused of rights abuses.

On Sunday evening, the United States issued a security alert, warning of a potential attack on the provincial capital of Goma, which is about 50km (31 miles) to the southwest of the two villages, and advising its personnel to shelter in place.


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