The difference between Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs)

By Engineer Kiiza Idiri Kamuntu

The Millennium Development Goals are the international community’s most broadly shared, comprehensive and focused framework for reducing poverty. Drawn from the Millennium Declaration, adopted and agreed to by all Governments in 2000, the MDGs represent the commitments of United Nations Member States to reduce extreme poverty and its many manifestations: hunger, disease, gender inequality, lack of education and access to basic infrastructure, and environmental degradation.

What is the main goal of MDG?
The United Nations Millennium Declaration, signed in September 2000, commits world leaders to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation, and discrimination against women.

AND

What is SDG and its goals
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by the United Nations in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that by 2030 all people enjoy peace and prosperity.

✍🏽 THE 8 MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS

  1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  2. Achieve universal primary education
  3. Promote gender equality and empower women
  4. Reduce child mortality
  5. Improve maternal health
  6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
  7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  8. Develop a global partnership for development

THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDG) IN ACTION; UGANDA’S COMMITMENT

PILLARS OF VISION 2030 (Global Vision)

i) Tourism and mining.

ii) Increasing value in agriculture.

iii) A better and more inclusive wholesale and retail trade sector.

iv) Manufacturing for the regional market.

v) B P O (Business Process Outsourcing)

vi) Financial services.

✍🏽The 17 SDGs are integrated—they recognize that action in one area will affect outcomes in others, and that development must balance social, economic and environmental sustainability.

✍🏽Countries have committed to prioritize progress for those who’re furthest behind. The SDGs are designed to end poverty, hunger, AIDS, and discrimination against women and girls.

✍🏽The creativity, knowhow, technology and financial resources from all of society is necessary to achieve the SDGs in every context.

The 17 SDGs

  1. NO POVERTY
  2. ZERO HUNGER
  3. GOOD HEALTH AND WELL-BEING
  4. QUALITY EDUCATION
  5. GENDER EQUALITY
  6. CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION
  7. AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY
  8. DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
  9. INDUSTRY, INNOVATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE
  10. REDUCED INEQUALITIES
  11. SUSTAINABLE CITIES AND COMMUNITIES
  12. RESPONSIBLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION
  13. CLIMATE ACTION
  14. LIFE BELOW WATER
  15. LIFE ON LAND
  16. PEACE, JUSTICE AND STRONG INSTITUTIONS
  17. PARTNERSHIPS FOR THE GOALS

KEY TO NOTE

●In order to realize the above goals, four objectives will be pursued and these are;

i) Increase sustainable production, productivity and value addition in key growth opportunities.

ii. Increase the stock and quality of strategic infrastructure to accelerate the country’s competitiveness.

iii) Enhance human capital development; and

iv) Strengthen mechanisms for quality, effective and efficient service delivery 

●Proper integration of policy interventions in different areas can make the difference between achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and failure

● Identify specific areas for prioritization and the investment requirements.

●Facilitate alignment of SDGs with national strategic objectives and other development frameworks

What is the difference between MDGs and SDGs?

Unlike the MDGs, which only targets the developing countries, the SDGs apply to all countries whether rich, middle or poor countries. The SDGs are also nationally-owned and country-led, wherein each country is given the freedom to establish a national framework in achieving the SDGs.

✍🏽
Why the paradigm shift from MDGs to SDGs? In other words, Why did the MDG fail?

●Weak governance and mismanagement remain key concerns at all levels.

● The lack of a transparent performance-assessment system, limited efforts to harness the potential of the private sector and

●The weak regulation of healthcare delivery also contributed to the slow progress of the MDGs

● Corruption and embezzlement of GAVI funds

Thanks

Eng.Kiiza Idiri Kamuntu
👁️ The Keen Eye
☑️ The Patriot

Advert.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s