Updated at 22:46 GMT on 16th Feb 2021
By HICGI News Agency
Top government officials in Kampala led by Hon Betty Amongi minister for Kampala & Metropolitan Affairs, Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) Deputy Executive Director Eng. David Luyimbazi earlier today did an on spot tour of ongoing infrastructure works under KIIDP 2 to ascertain progress and challenges met. Works under this project are expected to be completed by June,2021.
Some residents speaking to HICGI News Agency have appealed to KCCA to speed up construction for public safety and convenience.
Speeding and Road Safety: KCCA partners with the Bloomberg Philanthropies Initiative for Global Road Safety (BIGRS)
According to the World Health Organization, road traffic injuries are the eighth leading cause of death worldwide and the leading cause of death for people aged between 5 and 29 years. Each year, road traffic crashes kill over 1.35 million people and injure up to 50 million more around the world.
Over 90% of the world’s deaths on the roads occur in low-income and middle-income countries, which have less than half of the world’s vehicles and sadly, many of these deaths are preventable. In Uganda, four of the 10 people killed in road crashes every day are pedestrians, according to the 2019 Police Annual Crime Report. The report indicates a 0.4% increase from 2018 and of the 3880 that died in road crashes in 2019, 600 (15.5%) were children.
As part of efforts to curb this trend, the Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) entered a six-year partnership with the Bloomberg Philanthropies Initiative for Global Road Safety (BIGRS) in July 2020. BIGRS is a multi-country programme that aims to reduce road crash fatalities and injuries, supported by Bloomberg Philanthropies.
This third phase of BIGRS builds on the success and impact of Bloomberg Philanthropies’ more than 10 years of investment in road safety, which has saved up to an estimated 312,000 lives and prevented up to 11.5 million injuries since 2007. BIGRS phase 3 will run from 2020 to 2025 and aims to bring the lives saved total up to 600,000 and prevent up to 22 million injuries in low- and middle-income countries. Kampala joins the other priority cities in this phase including Accra, Addis Ababa, Bengaluru, Bogota, Buenos Aires, Guadalajara, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Kumasi, Mumbai, New Delhi, Sao Paulo, Salvador and Recife, with more expected to follow. On this project/partnership, KCCA is working with other stakeholders in road safety including The Directorate of Traffic at the Uganda Police, Makerere University School of Public Health and, the Ministry of Works and Transport.
The project will focus on these areas; enforcing road safety laws on (speeding, drink driving, motorcycle helmets, and seat belts), designing and building safer roads, managing speed effectively, implementing transportation systems to make urban mobility safer, promoting safe driving and, building public support to road safety through mass communication campaigns and use of data from high-quality monitoring and evaluation systems for policy and planning.
Speeding and Road Safety
Phase 3 of BIGRS places special focus on speeding which is at the core of the road traffic injury problem. The road safety risk relating to speed is associated with behavioral and non-behavioral factors, including road infrastructure or design, and vehicle safety elements. Speeding increases the likelihood of crash involvement, crash severity, and injury severity because of a transfer of kinetic energy when things collide.
Excessive speeding means to travel faster than the prescribed speed limit while inappropriate speeding means to travel too fast for the prevailing conditions, which could be within the prescribed speed limit. With regards to road safety, speeding can therefore be considered as traveling at both excessive and inappropriate speeds. Speeding and Road Safety There is evidence that pedestrians have a 90% chance of survival when struck by a car traveling at 30 km/h or below, but less than 50% chance of surviving an impact at 45 km/h, and would have almost no chance of surviving an impact should a vehicle be traveling at 80 km/h.
Excess and/or inappropriate speeding account for a high proportion of injury and death that result from road crashes, in addition to reducing the reaction time a driver could stop a vehicle and avoid a crash. The Ministry of Works and Transport Traffic and Road Safety (Speed Limits) Regulations, 2004 guides 50km/h as the acceptable speed limit in Uganda’s urban areas, trading centers and, other built-up areas including Kampala capital city. However, being both a residential and commercial city, it is more practical to have and enforce speed limits according to the environment within which the respective roads exist. It is therefore important that ardent and deliberate effort is geared towards behavioral change advocacy, revamped enforcement strategies, better road designs, and postcrash management in a bid to contribute to the global goal of halving traffic deaths by 2030, recently announced by the United Nations as the Second Decade for Road Safety commencing in 2021.
Zebra crossings are commonly used on pedestrian crossings controlled by traffic signals or lights and pedestrians will only have priority when the lights show green to them. There is low coverage of zebra crossings with signal systems on the Kampala roads resulting in challenges related to their use on high speed roads, roads with high volumes of traffic or with heavy flow of pedestrians.